Geography and Environmental Studies

dr-marambanyika

Chairperson : Dr Thomas Marambanyika
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Social Sciences

About the Department

OBJECTIVES

This Department has a number of broad objectives that cover our modules and activities. Students have an opportunity to develop their ability to articulate nature and environmental issues within both the human and physical domain as well as appreciate the complex inter-relationships between these two. Geographers and Environmentalists find employment because they have a range of skills from numeracy, communication, literacy, spatial organization of human society and group activities to computerized mapping and spatial information systems, laboratory work and field work.

PROGRAMME

B.Sc (HON) IN GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

The overall objective is to put our degree Programme into a modern geographic and practical context, given the way that life and work patterns are now developing. The department seeks to have a principal focus on environmental concerns within both the natural and the human environment, past, present and with an eye on the future. With the realization that Geography and Environmental issues are of great relevance to commerce, industry and politics, and to planners and environmentalists, it is one of the Departmental aims to deliver the programme in such a manner as to produce graduates with a wide range of skills to solve the problems and challenges facing society. Through industrial attachment training, the Programme seeks to establish more relevance to the needs of the various stakeholders. It is envisaged that this will lead to the development of skills that will make its graduates particularly sought after.

CAREER PROSPECTS 

Geographers and Environmentalists have a great deal to contribute towards the society s ever-present and ever pressing desire for better living with particular reference to environmental management and human resources. Given the fact that the world in general is suffering from the effects of resource mismanagement, Geographers and Environmentalists are a major asset in the job market because they are trained to be broad minded, critical, articulate and versatile which render them trainable for most careers. Career outlets in which Geographers and Environmentalists can contribute include:

Business, Commerce and Industry:

Posts available, requiring further specific training on the job or apprenticeship include those in:

Managerial grades.

Marketing and market research.

In-depth environmental feature writers e.g. in Journalism, N.G.Os and Tourism.

Publishing trade.

Environmental Research.

Consultancy (especially in planning).

Public service:

In the civil service Geographers and Environmentalists can hope to secure employment as administrative officers,economic planners, land surveyors, soil surveyors, cartographers, estate management officers, environmental resource managers teaching in universities, poly techniques, colleges and secondary schools.

In the Armed forces, Geographers and Environmentalists can find employment in technical support services as hydrographers, meteorologists and specialists in remote sensing and air photo interpretation.

Posts in public administration and social welfare departments:

CONTACT DETAILS 

Department of Geography and Environmental Science Studies 

Midlands State University

P.Bag 9055

Gweru

Zimbabwe

Tel +263 54 260409 / +263 54 260450/+263 54 260667

Regulations

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the General Regulations and the Faculty Regulations.

1.2 These Regulations shall apply to students who register for the BSc Honours

Degree in Geography and Environmental Studies.

1.3 For definitions refer to terms of Section 1.8 sof the General Regulations.

2. AIM

The broad aims of the Bachelor of Geography and Environmental Studies Honours degree programme are to provide students with:

2.1 An opportunity to study the discipline of geography and to focus on aspects of human and physical geography and related environmental phenomena in more detail as they progress through the programme.

2.2 A balanced curriculum that enables the acquisition of a range of practical, computational, research and problem-solving skills as well as the development of factual and conceptual knowledge of geography and environmental issues.

2.3 An environmental in which they can achieve their full potential in terms of the development of communication and presentation capabilities that are relevant to a wide range of career opportunities. 1018

3. CAREER PROSPECTS

Geographers and Environmentalists have a great deal to contribute towards the society’s ever-present and ever-pressing desire for better living, with particular reference to environmental management and human resources. Given the fact that the world in general is suffering from the effects of resource mismanagement. Geographers and Environmentalists are a major asset in the job market because they are trained to be broad-minded, critical, articulate and versatile, which render them trainable for most careers. Career outlets in which Geographers and Environmentalists can contribute include:

3.1 Business, Commerce and Industry

Career prospects include:

Marketing and market research

In-depth environmental feature writers e.g. in Journalism, NGOs and Tourism, Environmental Research and Consultancy (especially in planning).

3.2 In the Civil Service Geographers and Environmentalists can hope to secure employment as administrative officers, economic planners, land surveyors, soil surveyors, cartographers, estate management officers. Hydrographers, meteorologists and specialists in remote sensing and air photo interpretation.

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 Normal Entry

Prospective students must comply with Section 3.1 of the General Regulations. Entry requirements are Advanced Level passes in Geography and other two `A’ Level subjects. Ordinary Level Mathematics and English Language are essential.

4.2 Special and Mature Entry

Refer to Section 3.2 and 3.3 of the General Regulations. 1019

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 To be awarded an Honours degree in geography and Environmental Studies, a student shall normally have taken at least 60% of the courses offered in the department of Geography and Environmental Studies.

6. CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT

6.1 Continuous assessment for practical modules contributes 50% to the final mark while coursework for theoretical modules contributes 30%.

6.2 For the assessment of Work Related Learning refer to Section 5.3 and 5.4 of the General Regulations.

7. FAILURE TO SATIFY EXAMINERS

Refer to Section 9 of the General Regulations.

8. WORK RELATED LEARNING GENERAL GUIDELINES

Refer to Section 10 of the Faculty Regulations.

9. PROVISION FOR PROGRESSION

Refer to Section 6 of the Faculty Regulations.

10. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 10 of the Faculty Regulations.

11. DEGREE WEIGHTING

Refer to Section 11 of the Faculty Regulations.

12. DOCTORATE AND MASTERS DEGREES AWARDED `HONORIS CAUSA’

12.1 DOCTOR OF SCIENCE (HONORIS CAUSA) DSc The above-mentioned degrees is one offered by the department to individuals who would have distinguished themselves in the field of Geography and Environmental Science. 1020

13. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Level 1 Semester 1

Candidates are advised to select a minimum of 4 modules per semester

Code Description Credits
GES101 Quantitative and Qualitative Techniques 4
GES102 Aspects of Physical Geography 4
GES103 Aspects of Human Geography 4
GES104 Environmental Issues: Social and Physical Processes 4
GES105 Essentials of Geography and Environmental Studies 4
HCS 115 Introduction to Information Technology 4
CS 101 Communication Skills 4

Level 1 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
GES106 Ecosystems and Hydrological Processes 4
GES107 Meteorology and Climatology 4
GES108 Natural Resources and Sustainable Development 4
GES109 Elements of Computing 4
GES110 Contemporary Issues in Human Geography 4

Level 2 Semester 1

Candidates are advised to select a minimum of 4 modules from GES201 to GES205

Code Description Credits
GES201 Environmental Assessment and Management 4
GES202 Aspects of Urban Geography 4
GES203 Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems And Remote Sensing. 4
GES204 Tourism and Recreation Geography 4
GES205 Physical Geography: An Applied Approach 4
GES 211 Safety, Health and the Environment 4
GS 201 Introduction to Gender Studies 4

Level 2 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
GES206 Research Methods 4
GES207 Urban Development, Planning and Management 4
GES208 Application of Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing 4
GES209 Population Studies 4
GES210 Environmental Assessment and Management 4
GES227 Environmental Planning and Project Appraisal 4

Level 3 Semesters 1and 2: Work Related Learning

Code Description Credits
GES301 Work Related Learning Report 15
GES302 Academic Supervisor’s Report 15
GES303 Employer’s Assessment Report 10

Level 4 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
GES402 Regional Geography of Sub Saharan Africa 4
GES403 Transport Advanced Geographic 4
GES404 Advanced Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing 4
GES405 Food Security and The Environment 4
GES406 Natural Hazards and Human Response 4
GES407 Regional Development 4
GES408 Urban Climatology 4

Level 4 Semester 2

Candidates take module GES401 and any 3 of the other modules

Code Description Credits
GES401 Dissertation 8
GES409 Biogeography and Ecosystems 4
GES410 Hydrology and Water Resources Management 4
GES418 Climatic Change, Environmental Impact and Mitigation Strategies 4
GES419 Development and Trends in Geography and Environmental Studies 4
GES420 Environmental Pollution and Control 4
GES428 Applied Geomorphology 4
GES429 Political Geography and Development 4

14. MODULE SYNOPSES

GES 101 QUANTANTIVE AND QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUES

The module seeks to develop students’ practical skills in geography and environmental studies. It aims to introduce qualitative and quantitative techniques in geography, 1023 elements of cartography, map interpretation; technique in fieldwork; basic lab investigation techniques.

GES102 ASPECTS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

The module introduces the broad spectrum of physical geography. Students are introduced to elements of climatology; biogeography; pedology, hydrology and geomorphology.

GES 103 A SPECTS OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

The module covers the broad spectrum of human geography. Students are introduced to the elements of urban and rural settlements; aspects of social, cultural economic and population geography; introduction to tourist, transport and communication geography.

GES104 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES

This module seeks to explore the broad area of Environmental issue through introducing concepts of environmental education and related biophysical economic, socio-political problems; modernism and environmental crisis, environmental management concepts-environmental awareness; global and regional environmental convention, strategies, procedures and tools in environmental management; environmental information systems.

GES 105 ESSENTIALS OF GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

The module seeks to provide the candidate with an overview of basic concepts, techniques and skills training in Geography and Environmental Studies, by introducing atmosphere, weather and climate, germorphological processes, issues and methods in environmental studies, resource and population, methods in geography and Environmental investigation.

GES 106 ECOSYSTEMS AND HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES

This module aims to introduce students to various aspects of ecosystems and hydrological processes. If focuses on ecosystems processes, succession diversity, ecosystem homeostasis, mineral cycles; human impact on ecosystem processes;1024
Hydrological cycle, hydrological processes and their impact on water pathways, drainage basin hydrology, urban hydrology.

GES 107 METEOROLOGICAL AND CLIMATOLOGY

The module examines climatic phenomena; earth atmospheric processes radiation and heat balance, global circulation and air mass movement; weather patterns and forecasts; global climatic processes, ocean circulating systems, climatic change and environmental processes.

GES 108 NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

This module introduces the concepts of natural resources development and conservation with the aim of building up the notion of sustainability and to provide an understanding of current issues in environmental policy and the development of resource management systems. The objective is for the student to gain a broad perspective and think critically about the use of natural resources. The need to manage resources for a sustainable future; theoretical framework of resource management policy and planning; legislation in resource usage and management; development of an appreciation for and skill of the important tools of contemporary resource management.

GES 109 ELEMENTS OF COMPUTING

Introduction to computer technology and its applications: Development of computer technology, hardware, software, information systems, networks, keyboards skills, basics of programming, databases, word-processing, spreadsheet, presentation graphics, internet use, SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) GIS, CAD, GPS, applications of computers and related technologies to geography and environmental studies.

GS 201 INTRODUCTION TO GENDER STUDIES

Refer to the Department of Gender Studies1025

GES 201 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT

The module seeks to develop student’s skills in environmental appraisal and management; assessment, planning, management and response strategies; environmental policies and practices, environmental economics and risk assessment, impact assessment, audits, environmental information systems; state of the environment reports.

GES 202 ASPECTS OF URBAN GEOGRAPHY

The module seeks to introduce students to aspects of urban geography, concept of urbanization, history of urbanization, origins of urbanization in Africa; capitalism and the industrial city, urban theories, functional differentiation within the city.

GES 203 FUNDAMENTALS OF GEOGRAPHY AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND REMOTE SENSING

Introduction to Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing: GIS components, GIS and CAD, data capture, spatial data models and structures, raster vector debate, spatial databases, spatial analysis and modeling functions; Remote Sensing Systems, image processing, image interpretation, geo-referencing, GIS and Remote Sensing Integration, demonstration of use and functionality of software packages: Arc Info, Arc view, MapInfo, Idrisi, ERDAS.

GES 204 TOURISM AND RECREATION GEOGRAPHY

The module seeks to introduce students to the scope of tourism geography; theory of Tourism development; aspects of tourism and recreation industry; global trends in the nature of tourism; characterization of source and destination areas, cycle of destination centres; impact of tourism on sending and receiving regions; Zimbabwean Tourism Industry, character and role of institutions involved.

GES 205 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY: AN APPLIED APPROACH

This module enables the candidate to focus on global climatic change, Biography; ecosystems dynamics and methods of vegetation mapping: soil science, microclimates and environmental pollution. 1026

GES 206 RESEARCH METHODS

Essential elements of the scientific research process:

Background to research in Geography and Environmental Studies; research chain, research design, quantitative and qualitative research, data collection, analysis and interpretation of research data, results communication, ethical issues.

GES 207 URBAN DEVELOPMENT, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

The module concerns the evolution of urban landscapes, urban morphology and functional zonation in relation to city master-plans; urban policy and planning; inner city problems; urban services and facilities provision, urban, urban management and governance, the cultural ecology of the city, water and waste management, and urban environmental management and conservation.

GES 208 APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND REMOTE SENSING

Applied dimensions of Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing GIS application development cycle, application in environmental management, natural resources management, utility management, hazard management, land use planning, business and commerce.

GES 209 POPULATION STUDIES

The module exposes students to the area of population studies; population group dynamics in relation to resources, the concepts of over under-optimum population; demographic elements, population migration patterns at national, regional and global scales.

GES 210 RESOURCES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT

This module is aimed at encouraging candidates to broaden their horizon and tackle environmental issues covering topics such as land and water resource development and conservation, natural environmental hazards and mitigation strategies,1027 environmental effects of agricultural development, global environmental politics-debates and agreements.

GES 211 SAFETY, HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Module provides an outline on the Principles of Environmental Health and Safety Management. It covers the following aspects: History of Occupational Health and Safety, Occupational Health Hazards, Occupational Exposure Limits, Job Stress, Shift Work and Extended Work Shifts, Evaluation of Chemical Hazards, Emergency Response, Principles of Toxicology and Epidemiology, Risk perception and Reality and Risk Control, Material Handling and Storage, Crane and Hoist Safety.

GES 227 ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND PROJECT APPRAISAL

This module builds on GES 201 and provides enrichment and applications with emphasis on the state of the environment reports: environmental planning: project planning, monitoring and evaluation. In addition it equips candidates with skills of making decisions and choices about alternative ways of using available resources with the aim of achieving particular future goals.

GES 402 REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY OF SUB SAHARA AFRICA

In this module students study the geography of Sub-Saharan Africa with emphasis on both the physical and human domains.

GES 403 TRANSPORT

This module focuses on the nature of transport and communication; development of transport networks design and route location; transport models; transport and influence on development.

GES 404 ADVANCED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND REMOTE SENSING

This module examines institutional and technical issues; accuracy, data standards, technical specification, GIS and the decision making process, organizational placement, implementation strategies, technology change management, GIS project 1028 design, project management, report preparation and presentation development in GIS and Remote Sensing.

GES 405 FOOD SECURITY AND THE ENVIRONMENT

This module examines the agricultural sector and food production, agricultural theories; food production and marketing strategies in selected countries; food security; climatic factors and agricultural strategies and tactics in management; climatic diseases and pest control advanced technologies in food production.

GES 406 NATURAL HAZARDS AND HUMAN RESPONSE

This module aims to explain the concept underlying hazard theory and seeks to investigate and explain the hazardous qualities of different natural processes.

GES 407 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

This module examines the development concepts; development theories, regional dynamics of selected areas; spatial analysis concepts; the nature of spatial diffusion concepts; mitigation measures and problems of regional inequalities.

GES408 URBAN CLIMATOLOGY

The module focuses on effects of urban structures and industrial operations on local climates, special climate data requirements for urban and industrial activities, relationships between climate and the global distribution of plants animals, fieldwork and observation resulting n extended reports.

GES409 BIOGEOGRAPHY AND ECOSYSTEMS

The module examiners the various issues in biogeography; methods of mapping biological distribution, geography of endemism, species richness of tropical rainforests; continental drift and biogeography, island biogeography; biological invasions; spread of crops and plants; temperate forest history; tropical communities and their history; geography elements in the Southern African Flora and Fauna. 1029

GES410 HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

This course aims to provide the skills to undertake an analysis of the water resources of a region/catchment. It covers three broad areas; the concepts of rights, ownership types of usage and planning mechanisms with respect to the water resources; the assessment measurement, and qualification of ground and surface water resource together with the methods and requirements of data acquisition, the interaction among the various hydrologic processes; the effects, both physical and social, of manipulating the water resources of an area and the mechanisms available for the resolving conflicting usage requirements.

GES418 CLIMATIC CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES

This module explores the various issues related to climatic changes and related impacts introducing climatic change theories and impacts. Quaternary environmental glacial stages and inter glacial stages; ice sheets growth and decline. Sea level; global warning phenomenon and related impacts; evidence for ECC; ecological, social economic aspects related to climatic change, modeling, projections, and impacts of future climatic.

GES419 DEVELOPMENT AND TRENDS IN GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

The module seeks to draw students attention to the development trends in the field of Geography and Environmental Studies, qualitative and quantitative approaches; geographic, though and concept, use of computer related technologies; environment modeling, statistical investigation.

GES420 ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION AND CONTROL

The module aims to broaden the students understanding of environmental problems and the employment of the best practice methods in management, environmental pollution water, air, soils, contamination; pollution impacts; monitoring strategies legislation on pollution and enforcement, institution in selected countries, use pollution information systems and related technologies, Zimbabwe pollution control framework. 1030

GES428 APPLIED GEOMORPHOLOGY

This course aims to enhance analytical and applied skills to undertake analyses of geomorphic processes; the theoretical basis of the discipline, concepts and techniques for analysis of both form and process. Understanding of a range of geomorphic process such as slope stability floodplain development, water routing, and physical processes, Karstic landscape development, glacial and peri-glacial geomorphology.

GES429 POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY AND DEVELOPMENT

This module examines elements of political geography: the spatial dimension of politically organized units from the local state and international scales; colonial policies and their impact on the development of emergent African political boundaries; policies for the administration, development and defence of state. Problems of national integration; regional and international organizations as instruments of political liberation and stability.

GES401 DISSERTATION

REGULATIONS FOR THE POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS (DGES)

1. INTRODUCTION

The Post-Graduate Diploma in Safety, Health and Environmental Management is offered over three semesters on block release and is tailor made to meet safety, health and environmental needs of Zimbabwe and the world at large. It intends to equip students with both theoretical and practical skills that are relevant to safety, health and the environment in various industries, institutions and organizations.

2. OBJECTIVES

The general objectives are that at the end of the programme students should be able to:

2.1 demonstrate knowledge that links safety, health and environmental theories and practice.

2.2 develop skills to manage existing and new projects through the participation of target stakeholders and institutions.

2.3 develop skills that enable them to realize and apply new technologies to the changing demands coming from the rapidly expanding productive and consumption sectors of the globalised world economies.

2.4 formulate and conduct research that promotes safe, environmentally friendly and people-centred development at community, institutional, national, regional and international levels.

3. CAREER PROSPECTS

3.1 DGES graduates have career opportunities in a wide array of institutions and organizations which include the following:
· Business

· Manufacturing and Processing Industry

· Agriculture

· Mining

· Tourism

· Ecology

· Environmental Management Consultancy

· Disaster Management

· Non- Governmental Organizations

· Government Ministries and Departments

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 Normal Entry

For normal entry a candidate should:-

· have satisfied the University’s General Academic Regulations

· have a pass in English Language and Mathematics at `O’ Level and

· have a good First Degree in appropriate fields such as Geography, Environmental Studies or Science, Biology or related fields such as Health Sciences.

4.2 Special Entry

4.2.1 other degree holders shall be eligible for admission at the discretion of the department.

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 The Post Graduate Diploma in Safety, Health and Environmental Management is a block release programme. 1033

5.2 Normally, a student will be required to complete the programme in not less than one and half years from the date of first registration.

5.3 The programme offers pre-requisite, core/compulsory and elective/ optional modules.

5.4 Each module is worth four (4) credits except the project which is worth six (6) credits.

6. CREDITS

6.1 Students shall earn at least 42 credits to be allowed to graduate.

6.2 To successfully complete the programme a student must pass all the core modules.

7. ASSESSMENT

7.1 Examinations, which shall normally be written at the end ofeach semester, comprise three hour papers for theoretical modules.

7.2 Continuous assessment includes tests, assignments and or presentations.

7.3 A student is normally required to attain 100% attendance of tutorials.

8. WEIGHTING

8.1 Examinations for theoretical modules contribute 70% while for practical modules it will be 50% towards the final mark of a module.

8.2 Continuous assessment for theoretical modules contributes 30% while for practical modules it will be 50% towards the final mark of a module.

9. MARKING SCHEME AND DIPLOMA CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 26.1 of the General University Academic Regulations. 1034

PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Level 1Semester 1

Code Description Credits
DGES 501 Introduction to Environmental Safety and Health 4
DGES 502 Environmental Safety and Health Legislation 4
DGES 503 Occupational Health and Safety 4
DGES 504 Population, Health and the Environment 4
DGES 505 Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing 4

Options

Code Description Credits
DGES 506 Water Supply and Sanitation 4

Level 1 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
DGES 507 Environmental Impact Assessment 4
DGES 508 Environmental Economics 4
DGES 509 Environmental Management in Industry 4
DGES 510 Waste Management 4

Options

Code Description Credits
DGES 511 Environmental Politics 4
DGES 512 Climate Change, Agriculture and the Environment 4

Level 2 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
DGES 601 Research Project 6 1035 4

MODULE SYNOPSES

DGES 501 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY AND HEALTH

The module provides basic instruction on the principles of environmental safety and health. Students will be introduced to key concepts of environment, safety and health such as Environmental Management Systems, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP), Quality Management Systems and Energy Management.

DGES 502 ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY AND HEALTH LEGISLATION

The module outlines the legislation governing environmental health and safety at local, national and international levels in various sectors of the economy.

DGES 503 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

The module provides an outline on accident prevention, loss causation and incident evaluating risk, risk control, emergency planning and accident reporting and recording. It will also examine procedures in safety inspection, criminal and civil law and measuring health and safety performance at workplace and work equipment. It will also provide an overview of occupational health and safety in Zimbabwe.

DGES 504 POPULATION, HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT

The module examines the relationship between the environment and human and animal disease patterns. Environmental determinants of health problems and experiences including physical, biological, chemical and human related aspects will be explored in urban and rural settlements. Key issues and concerns in the population environment nexus will be addressed.

DGES 505 GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND REMOTE SENSING

The module explores spatial analysis of data which can be used in different environmental safety and health situations. Concepts of geographic primitives, geographical data management, geographical data analysis, satellite images and image processing are examined. Both GIS and remote sensing are applied by students as essential and indispensable tools for research in their research projects in line with international research trends. 1036

DGES 506 WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION

The module covers issues on sustainable supply of affordable water, participatory water planning processes, water pricing systems and local credit arrangements for basic service of affordable water, sustainable water management and gender equity, safe management of human excreta, including “hardware” (latrines, sewers etc) and the “software” (regulation, hygiene promotion). Environmental sanitation deals with the control of all factors in the physical environment that may have deleterious impact on human health. This includes pollution control, drainage, solid waste management and vector control. Effects of unsafe water and poor sanitation on people’s livelihoods and health policy trends for improving household and neighbourhood sanitation systems will be examined.

DGES 507 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

The module outlines the historic development of the concept, objectives, terminology and methods used and policies for the implementation of environmental impact assessment (EIA). Module also critically reviews steps and procedures of EIA in Zimbabwe, review and implementation methods for impact identification, analysis and assessment as well as multi-criteria evaluation and other decision support tools. Support techniques are applied to a case study.

DGES 508 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

The module examines the general micro and macro economic and environmental economic principles and their practical applications. It also covers issues which range from ethical considerations, welfare economics, environmental policy instruments viz-a-vis market, valuation of environmental resources, techniques for the economic appraisal of environmental projects, environmental input-output modeling and environmental accounting at the firm level.

DGES 509 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN INDUSTRY

The module cover issues on environmental management standards in industry, initial environmental review, environmental policies in industry, environmental planning, procedures and responsibilities, training, internal and external communication, environmental auditing and management review and cleaner production practices. It 1037 will also explore on the link between environmental management systems, quality management systems and food safety management systems in industry.

DGES 510 WASTE MANAGEMENT

The module explores the approaches used in management of hazardous and non-hazardous solid and liquid waste and measures for improving the efficiency of waste management strategies. It also covers the framework for waste management, sound practices, comparative solid waste management and waste management and GIS.

DGES 511 ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS

The module explains the main themes of environmental politics and policy at local, national, regional and global levels. Substantive problems and political processes of environmental policy making, contemporary radical environmental thought and movements will be discussed.

DGES 512 CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT

The module addresses issues such as the causes of climate change, impact of climate change on agriculture and the environment. Concepts of agro-ecology and sustainable agriculture and development will be looked at together with important on-going processes and their impact on the environment, methods to assess processes and their effects and policy and technical measures to control processes and their effects.

DGES 601 RESEARCH PROJECT

Students to present a research project based on concepts learnt theoretically and in the field. The guidelines for the project will be based on the basic skills of research and report writing which include development of a research problem, formulation of research objectives, research methodology, data analysis, conclusions and recommendations. 1038

REGULATIONS FOR THE MASTER OF SCIENCE IN SAFETY HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT DEGREE (MSHE)

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 These Regulations shall be read in conjunction with the General Academic Regulations for Postgraduate degrees, here-in after referred to as the General Regulations.

1.2 The Master of Science in Safety, Health and Environmental Management degree aims to produce environmental, safety and health practitioners who can identify, assess and solve problemsby applying the principles of good management. The degree is a one and half year programme offered on a block release basis.

2. CARRER PROSPECTS

2.1 This programme is suitable for practitioners working in the fields of environmental management (business, manufacturing and processing industry, agriculture, mining, tourism, ecology, disaster management, government ministries and departments, and non-governmental organizations) and occupational health and safety. Students include professional consultants, newly qualified graduates in the field of geography and environmental management, occupational health and safety and others from a variety of related backgrounds.

3. OBJECTIVES

3.1 To enable students analyse the requirement for safety, health and environmental management, synthesise information appropriately and propose beneficial application within the organisational policy.

3.2 To instill awareness in students of the need for management of change in order to anticipate and adopt policy in light of new technology. 1039

3.3 To facilitate students’ ability to develop an understanding of advanced safety, health and environmental management practice and to reflect their professional practice.

3.4 To anticipate and interpret current and future initiatives in environmental management in order to be able to develop appropriate strategies to meet developmental efforts especially with respect to Zimbabwe, the SADC and the world at large.

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 To be enrolled into the programme, prospective students should possess a good honours degree in Geography and Environmental Studies. Possession of an additional Post Graduate Diploma in Safety, Health and Environmental Management is an added advantage.

4.2 Other degree holders shall be eligible for admission at the discretion of the Departmental Board.

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 Each module contains content equivalent to 48 credits.

5.2 Students shall earn at least 48 credits to be allowed to graduate.

6. PROGRESSION

6.1 To progress to the next semester, a student is required to have passed at least all the core modules.

6.2 To successfully complete the programme a student must at least pass all the core modules.

7. ASSESSMENT

7.1 Examinations, which shall normally be written at the end of each semester, comprise three hour papers for theoretical modules.1040

7.2 Continuous assessment includes seminar presentations and write-ups, assignments and tests.

7.3 A student is normally required to attain 100% attendance of lectures and tutorials.

8. WEIGHTING

8.1 Examinations for theoretical modules contribute 70% while practical modules it will be 50% towards the final mark of a module.

8.2 Continuous assessment for theoretical modules contributes 30% while for practical modules it will be 50% towards the final mark of a module.

9. MARKING SCHEME AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 21.2 of the General Academic Regulations.

10. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Level 1 Semester 1

Core Modules

Code Description Credits
MSHE 701 Risk Assessment and Management 4
MSHE702 Safety, Health and Environmental Law and Regulations 4
MSHE 703 Population, Health and Environmental Management 4
MSHE 704 Environmental Planning and Implementation 4
MSHE 705 Techniques for Safety, Health and Environmental Management 1041 4

Optional Modules

Code Description Credits
MSHE 706 Food Safety Management 4
MSHE 707 Urban Environmental Management 4

Level 1 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
MSHE 708 Research Methods and Statistics 4
MSHE 709 Climate Change and Development 4
MSHE 710 Indigenous Knowledge Systems and the Environment 4
MSHE 711 Agro-Ecological Resources Management 4
MSHE 712 Sustainable Waste Management 4

Optional Modules

Code Description Credits
MSHE 713 Integrated Water Resources Management 4
MSHE 714 Gender and Environmental Management 4
MSHE 715 Common Property Resources Management 4

Level 2 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
MSHE 801 Dissertation 8

11. MODULE SYNOPSES

MSHE 701 Risk Assessment and Management

This module provides an overview of the basic concepts of risk assessment. Topics include the four core parts of a risk assessment, namely, hazard assessment, close-response assessment, exposure assessment, and risk characterisation. Methods of measurement and modeling are discussed, along with key questions concerning uncertainty. Differences in the characteristics of substances under different use conditions and legal requirements are studied. 1042

MSHE 702 Safety, Health and Environmental Law and Regulations

This course covers the principles and rules of international law and regulations which have as their primary objective the protection of the environment. It addresses how the international community has recognized and sought to deal with the interdependence of the global environment through regional and international agreements. The course thus covers biodiversity and international law, the general themes and principles of international environmental law, international investment law, international law of transboundary pollution, the international law of treaties, law development and the international community and marine law among other laws and regulations.

MSHE 703 Population, Health and Environmental Management

Human activities play an important part in virtually all natural systems and are forces of change in the environment at local, regional, and even global scales. Environmental factors play a significant role in the health of communities. The module explores causal and non-casual relationships between environmental health issues through an examination of the nature of the relationships between population, health and environmental management and how human beings drive changes in the global environment and how these relationships affect human well-being and the environment.

MSHE 704 Environmental Planning and Implementation

This module examines the tools and instruments used in national and especially sub-national environmental planning and assesses their information requirements. Environmental planning approaches are outlined with reference to policies, programmes and projects. It also involves the use of geo-information in environmental planning and implementation, the participatory aspects of conflict and stakeholder analysis as well as the information needs for environmental planning and implementation.

MSHE 705 Techniques for Safety, Health and Environmental Management

This module highlights and discusses tools, techniques and approaches that are now seen as central to delivering environmental management and sustainability. These tools include geographical information systems, environmental impact assessment, remote sensing, risk assessment, substance flow analysis, material flow 1043 analysis, carbon foot printing, health impact assessment, social impact assessment, strategic environmental assessment, ecological foot printing, life cycle assessment and corporate social responsibility.

MSHE706 Food Safety Management

The module aims to equip students with knowledge on food safety management at various levels. This involves the characteristics of the food industry, food safety hazards, good manufacturing practices, standards in food management (e.g. ISO 22 000: 2005, Food Safety Management Systems), conducting audits within food systems, food handling, labeling and packaging specifications as well as conducting a hazard analysis critical control points study. The module also examines legislation governing food safety management at international, national and local scales.

MSHE 707 Urban Environmental Management

This module aims to enable students understand how resources management influences environmental quality, public health and liveability in towns and cities. It examines how resources management, environmental quality and health and the liveability of cities relate to urban governance and planning. The course thus introduces basic knowledge of environmental indicators, urban environmental performance, urban resources management and city-level governance.

MSHE 708 Research Methods and Statistics

This module examines the research methods appropriate for both qualitative and quantitative methods including the philosophical underpinnings of research methodology, proposal design, searching and literature review, ethical issues in research and research governance, survey and longitudinal studies, questionnaire design, experimental and quasi-experimental designs, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, observations, documentary sources, qualitative analysis and statistical analysis of data.

MSHE 709 Climate Change and Development

The module provides a multi-disciplinary understanding of climate change processes and their direct and indirect interactions with development. It describes the main climate change processes, scenarios and vulnerabilities and international and national 1044. policy responses. Different sectors’ contributions and sensitivities to climate change and mitigation and adaptation responses are identified and their implications for policies and outcomes for different economies and for peoples’ livelihoods are examined.

MSHE 710 Indigenous Knowledge Systems and the Environment

The module aims to promote, develop and protect through research and by making indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) a value development model in resource utilisation and management, in decision making and project implementation and a challenge to existing relations of power and domination in terms of transformative epistemology. Manifestations of IKS through different dimensions like agriculture, medicine, security, botany, zoology, craft-skills and linguistics will also be central in the course.

MSHE 711 Agro- Ecological Resources Management

The module takes a holistic study of agro-ecosystems, including all environmental and human elements. It focuses on the form, dynamics and functions of their inter-relationships and the processes in which they are involved. Any area used for agricultural production is viewed as a complex system in which ecological processes found under natural conditions also occur such as nutrient cycling, predator-prey inter-relationships, competition among species and symbolic relationships within the system of flora, fauna and other biotic factors. This module also examines principles of agro-ecological systems.

MSHE 712 Sustainable Waste Management

The module looks at how all forms of waste are managed. It presents the concept of Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM) in the context of assessing the sustainability of waste management alliances. It considers stakeholder participation in waste management issues and seeks to encourage the analysis of interactions between and among urban systems as well as promoting an integration of different habitant scales e.g. city/town, neighbourhood or household. This module also discusses how ISWM can be used both as a policy tool and as an assessment tool. 1045

MSHE 713 Integrated Water Resources Management

The module aims to build future leaders in water resource management. The concept of “whole water cycle” approach is used to help students with practical skills and tools for adopting innovative solutions to local, regional and international water resource issues. Aspects of integrated water resource management examined relate to poverty reduction, provision of technical and managerial knowledge into planning, designing and operating water projects, principles of managing water supply, waste water treatment and urban infrastructure projects. Socio-economic factors impacting on effective water supply, governance and institutional frame works in water resources are also considered.

MSHE 714 Gender and Environmental Management

The module seeks to develop an understanding of the importance of gender in environmental management through a critical review of different perspectives and approaches. In addition the module seeks to provide a critical appraisal of conceptual and methodological approaches in gender and environmental management research.

MSHE 715 Common Property Resources Management

The module looks at the classifications of common property resources, the relationships between common property resources and the environment and the assessment of common property resources at the national and global levels. The module introduces various management regimes and sustainability. Some conceptual issues are examined and these include the tragedy of the commons, the prisoner’s dilemma and common property resources and the environment. Analysis of the management of common property resources is made at the local level by making reference to management institutions in common tenurial regimes as well as community based natural resource management programmes such as CAMPFIRE.

MSHE 801 Dissertation

This course helps students to plan, design and carry out their dissertation, provides guidelines on how to choose a suitable topic, undertake literature review, apply appropriate research methods, collect and analyse data and manage the write up process. It also provides individual feedback to students on their proposals which they can incorporate in their final dissertation.1046

REGULATIONS FOR THE BACHELOR OF SCIENCE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HONOURS DEGREE (HHRM)

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the Faculty Regulations and the General Regulations.

1.2 As a result of globalization and environment challenges such as the Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) and its successor the Zimbabwe Programme for Economic and Social Transformation (ZIMPREST), interest in the study of Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management has been growing tremendously and it continues to grow. It can be asserted almost uncontroversially that the growing interest in the subject in Zimbabwe has culminated in the introduction of a degree in Human Resource Management at Midlands State University.

1.3 Like elsewhere the world over, one of the key problems facing organizations in Zimbabwe is the sourcing and utilization of “labour resources” to provide the productive effort needed to achieve organizational goals. In reality an organization only exists through its people and cannot achieve success without their effort, commitment and loyalty. This can never be fully guaranteed since we are dealing with the most unpredictable resource, the human resource.

1.4 The overall task of human resource management therefore, is to develop strategies, policies and procedures, which will facilitate employee effort, commitment and loyalty. In short human resource management is about managing the employment relationship. If the organization is to achieve its goals the employment relationship needs to be stabilized and made reasonably predictable.

1.5 Human Resource Management can be seen in general terms as addressing crucial questions in three areas as follows:1047

1.5.1. Employee Relations

How we can manage relationships, both individual and collective, with and between members of the workforce so as to maintain peace, motivation and commitment.

1.5.2. Employee Resourcing

How we can ensure that the organization obtains the correct number and quality of people, their work is organized efficiently, that they are well rewarded and have conditions of work encouraging efficiency.

1.5.3. Employee Development

How we can develop our people to ensure that they fulfill the organization’s short and long term skill requirements.

2. CAREER PROSPECTS

2.1 The aim is to develop and equip the student with skills as a social scientist. Ultimately it is hoped that students will be provided with an opportunity for personal and career development so that they become graduates who are flexible and adaptable.

2.2 Job opportunities for Human Resource Management graduates exist in the following disciplines; Management, the Labour Movement, the Civil Service, Research, consultancy, the Law, Academia and many others.

3. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

3.1 Normal Entry

For normal entry into BSc Human Resource Management Honours Degree programme, candidates should have at least two passes at `A’ Level in the following subjects: Accounting, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Management of Business and Any `A’ level area of study involving the study of Literature 1048

3.2 Special Entry

3.2.1. Candidates who have successfully completed the Institute of People Management of Zimbabwe (IPMZ) National Diploma or have obtained equivalent qualifications may apply for entry into BSc Human Resource Management Honours degree programme.

3.2.2. Candidates admitted under 3.2 may be exempted from certain modules at the discretion of the department.

3.2.3. No candidates admitted under regulation 3.2 shall complete the degree programme in less than three years.

3.3 Mature Entry

Refer to Section 3.3 of the General Regulations.

3.4 Visiting School

3.4.1 The aim of the visiting school programme is to provide academic support to those Human Resource Management practitioners who are already in the field but need to upgrade their skills in the area. Ordinarily, these individuals hold qualifications lower than BSc in Human Resource Management studies.

3.4.2 The degree programme will be completed in three years with academic levels 2 and 3 running concurrently.

3.4.3 To qualify for normal entry into the BSc Human Resource Management Studies Programme (Visiting School), candidates should have at least five `O’ level passes including English and Mathematics. In addition, a candidate must have;

Either

A Diploma in Human Resource management

OR

Any other relevant tertiary qualification

And

– At least 5 years working experience in the relevant field

– Proof of employment in a relevant field.

4. GENERAL PROVISIONS

4.1 The Bachelor of Science Human Resource Management Honours Degree is a four year programme.

4.2 Students go for work related learning during the third level of study

5. ASSESSMENT

5.1 Methods of assessment shall include continuous assessment, examinations, work related learning supervision and dissertation.

5.2 The weighting will be computed as follows:

Continuous Assessment 40%

Examination 60%

5.3 Dissertation

5.3.1. After a dissertation has been submitted and marked, a student may be required to defend it before the Departmental Board of Examiners.

5.3.2. The highest mark that may be awarded to a dissertation submitted after due date is 50%.

5.3.3. A dissertation that attains a failure mark within supplementable range may be resubmitted within three months after the publication of results and the highest mark attainable shall be 50%

6. FAILURE TO SATIFY EXAMINERS

Refer to Section 9 of the General Regulations.

7. WORK RELATED LEARNING GENERAL GUIDELINES

Refer to Section 8 of the Faculty Regulations.

8. PROVISION FOR PROGRESSION

Refer to Section 6 of the Faculty Regulations.

9. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 10 of the Faculty Regulations

10. DEGREE WEIGHTING

Refer to Section 11 of the Faculty Regulations.

11. HONORARY DEGREES

Honorary Degrees will be awarded to individuals who will have distinguished themselves in the field of Human Resource Management and Community Service. The Human Resource Management Department may offer the following degrees:

Honoris causa

11.1 Doctor of Public Service (D.P.S)

11.2 Doctor of Science (DSc)

12. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Level 1 Semester 1 (All modules are compulsory)

Code Description Credits
HRM 109 Industrial Relations 4
HRM 102 Principles of Economics 4
HRM 101 Management and Labour 4
CS 101 Basic of Communication Skills 4
HCS 115 Introduction to Information Technology 4
HRM 119 Principles of Accounting 4

Level 1 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
HRM 104 Labour Economics 4
HRM 112 Organisational Communication 4
HRM 113 Principles of Training 4
HRM 115 Principles of Sociology 4
HRM 117 Principles of Human Resource Management 4
PSY 102 Principles of Psychology 4

Level 2 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
HRM 202 Organizational Behaviour 4
HRM 213 Human Resource Policy and Practice 4
HRM 214 Principles of Marketing 4
HRM 215 Business Law 1 4
GS201 Introduction to Gender Studies 4
HRM 219 HIV/AIDS in the Workplace 4

Level 2 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
HRM 203 Elements of Labour Law 4
HRM 207 Social Research Methods 4
HRM 210 Work Place Industrial Relations 4
HRM 212 Occupational Health and Safety 4
HRM 218 Business Law 2 4
HRM 220 Public Sector HRM 4

Level 3 Semester 1 and 2: Work Related Learning

Code Description Credits
HRM 301 Work Related Learning Report 15
HRM 302 Academic Supervisor’s Report 15
HRM 303 Employer’s Assessment Report 10

Level 4 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
HRM 402 Management of Change 4
HRM 403 Strategic Human Resource Management 4
HRM 410 Leadership and Ethics 4
HRM 409 Human Resource Development 4

Level 4 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
HRM 401 Comparative Industrial Relations 4
HRM 406 Dissertation 4
HRM 411 Entrepreneurship 4
HRM 412 Gender and the World of Work 4

MODULE SYNOPSES

HRM101 MANAGEMENT AND LABOUR

The module serves as the basis of introducing students to key theories and concepts of the evolution of management and labour issues. At the end of the module students are expected to understand the hostilities that exist between management and labour and be able to think critically, analyse the innate conflict between the two groups and come up with solutions of managing the conflict. Students will appreciate the origins of various approaches and models that shape the discipline of people management.

HRM 102 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS

This module is intended to enable students to: Understand and appreciate basic economic principles. For example, students will be exposed to the principle of supply and demand and shown how this affects the management of the human resource.

HRM 104 LABOUR ECONOMICS

This module is intended to enable students to; examine how labour markets operate in practice, introducing the concepts of unemployment and wage rigidity; analyse labour market theories in relation to human resource management with a focus on the `flexibility’ notion.

HRM 109 INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

This module is intended to enable students to; Understand and appreciate the employment relationship; understand and appreciate the origins of industrial relations and the `worker problem’; understand the theoretical issues underpinning the collective bargaining role of trade unions.

PSY 102 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

Refer to the Department of Psychology.

HRM 112 ORGANISATIONAL COMMUNICATION

This module is intended to enable students to; understand the meaning and role of communication in an organization with specific reference to the management of the human resource; understand the different strategies which managers can use to enhance the effectiveness of communication in an organization, understand the barriers to effective communication in an organization and how to overcome them.

HRM 113 PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING

The module is intended to enable the students to; understand and appreciate the training of employees, evaluation of training and understand and assess the skills required in the organizations.

HRM 115 PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY

This module is intended to enable students to; understand the human being as a social entity and understand the influence of formal and informal relationships on the human being. It explains how individual behaviour is shaped and constrained by culture.

HRM 117 PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMNT

The module is intended to enable students to understand and appreciate the origins and current role of human resource management and the academic debates around the future direction of the occupation. Students will appreciate the distinction between the Industrial Relations model and the HRM model with regard to the relationship between workers and their unions on one hand and the management and owner of businesses on the other hand. The module exposes students to some of the key theories and approaches to HRM. It also explores the philosophy of Human Resource Management vis-a-vis Traditional Personnel Management.

HRM 119 PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING

This module is intended to enable students to; have an appreciation of basic accounting principles, understand how accounting statements are prepared and be able to interpret them for decision making in the management of the Human Resource.

GS 201 INTRODUCTION TO GENDER STUDIES

Refer to the Department of Gender Studies

HRM 202 ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR

This module is intended to enable students to; understand and appreciate the behavioural and management science revolution, appreciate the various systems in organizations, analyse individual behavior, motivation and leadership; understand the meaning of organizational culture and how it influences the way workers behave in the organization.

HRM 203 ELEMENTS OF LABOUR LAW

This module is intended to enable students to; highlight the basis and significance of the contract in the employment relationship. It enables students to analyse the contract of employment in terms of the legal regulations of economic activity within the labour market.

HRM 207 SOCIAL RESEARCH METHODS

This module is intended to enable students to; understand the techniques widely used in gathering, interpretation, analysis and presentation of data in social science research. It exposes students to both quantitative and qualitative techniques of research.

HRM 210 WORKPLACE INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

This module is intended to enable students to; analyse real life workplace industrial relations problems and cases and come up with practical and workable solutions. Students gain a broader understanding of the situation they are going to encounter during their work related learning.

HRM 212 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

This module is intended to enable students to; to appreciate the need for effective management of health and safety programmes in the workplace; conceptualize issues of environmental health and safety and occupational health; examine various theoretical strands to issues of environmental and occupational health; identify and discuss different forms of health and subsequent occupational intervention strategies; outline various organizational stressors among employees in Zimbabwe and strategies for managing such; familiarize with various statutory requirements governing occupational health and safety and identify causes of occupational hazards and accidents and methods of dealing or preventing such.

HRM 213 HUMAN RESOURCE POLICY AND PRACTICE

This module is intended to enable to understand the meaning and differences between human resource policies and procedures. Students will appreciate the nature and content of human resource strategies and how to develop them, e.g. employee resourcing, employee reward, etc. students will familiarize with key human resource policy areas and the respective procedures.

HRM 214 PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING

The module seeks to give students an appreciation of the marketing function and the day to day activities of the same. The rationale is that the Human Resource function should have an understanding of the marketing function as the interface with the organisations’ external stakeholders, to find ways to contribute to the bottom line.

HRM 215 BUSINESS LAW 1

The module gives an introduction to general principles of law and its interpretation. The module includes such laws as the law of contract and sales, agency, negotiable instruments, insurance, partnerships, law of delict, insolvency and consumer protection. It will enable human Resource practitioners to operate effectively in a highly litigious industrial relations environment.

HRM 218 BUSINESS LAW 2

The module gives a thorough understanding of Company Law and how companies should be run and directed. Human resource students will also be equipped with the skills necessary for good corporate governance practice. An understanding of case law and statute laws will also enable students in appreciating the use of judicial precedents in making correct judgements.

HRM 219 HIV/AIDS IN THE WORKPLACE

This module is intended to enable students to; understand the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS at the workplace and craft comprehensive HIV/AIDS policies and proffer workable strategies to help the infected and affected for the benefit of the organisation and society at large. Students will also appreciate the various statutory instruments or labour laws on HIV/AIDS to safeguard against possible litigation on discrimination in the recruitment and selection, promotion, termination of employment, etc. of people living with HIV/AIDS.

HRM 220 PUBLIC SECTOR HRM

The module explores HR practices in governmental and quasi-governmental organisations like local authorities and parastatals. The role of government policy influencing such practices is articulated since government provides the legal framework for such HR practices. The themes to be covered include the legal framework of HR practice in governmental and non-govermental organisations, recruitment and selection practices, staff retention practices, talent management practices, HRP, performance management, reward management, disciplinary procedure and organisational ethics.

HRM 401 COMPARATIVE INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

This module is intended to enable students to; investigate the extent to which globalization has brought about similarities in industrial Relations systems between countries and in particular countries in the SADC and EU and examine the difficulties in framing, interpretation and enforcement of social legislation.

HRM 402 MANAGEMENT OF CHANGE

This module is intended to enable students to; understand what change is and why it is important to manage it; understand the various models and types of change; understand the significance of change and how they can facilitate change in organizations and understand resistance to change and how to overcome it.

HRM 403 STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

This module is intended to enable students to; understand what policies and strategies are how they usually develop, describe the basic types of strategies and policies, show how strategies may be implemented in practice and suggest guidelines to help make strategies and policies in practice.

HRM 409 LEADERSHIP AND ETHICS

The module exposes students to various theories and approaches to leadership. It also enables students to appreciate the various ethical dilemmas leaders face in the work situation.

HRM 410 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

The module is intended to enable students to; know how managers can invest in the workforce to promote both individual and organisational effectiveness. The students will be exposed to such issues as career management, succession management, management development programmes, etc.

HRM 411 ENTREPRENEURSHIP

This module is intended to enable students to appreciate the significance of entrepreneurship in Zimbabwe; appreciate the entrepreneurial processes- from finding and evaluating good business opportunities to new venture start-up and growth issues. Students will also learn the importance of entrepreneurial behaviour as a critical success factor in new business creation.

HRM 412 GENDER AND THE WORLD OF WORK

This module enables students to appreciate the impact of gender on how employees relate at the work place. It analyses issues such as discrimination, equal opportunities, sexual harassment, workplace romance, workers with family responsibilities, work -life balance etc. It also gives students an appreciation of the international legal framework concerning gender issues in Zimbabwe and whole the world.

HRM 404 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS

This module is intended to enable students to; understand and appreciate the importance of making decisions to create a product; decisions to create demand; decisions to create capacity. It is also intended to make students appreciate managerial economics at a deeper level.

HRM 407 MICRO-COMPUTERS IN HRM

The quality of decisions made about people and the quality of services provided by the HR department are largely dependent on the quality of information and records available. In this regard this module seeks to; expose students to the potential benefits of Information Technology (IT) as applied in a computerized human resource information system. The module will alert students to some of the problems affecting the use of IT in the management of the human resource.

REGULATIONS FOR THE POST-GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

1. INTRODUCTION

The Post- Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Management (DHRM) is a two semester part-time programme structured to meet human resource management needs in Zimbabwe, the region and beyond. It intends to equip students with both academic and practical skills that enable them to enter the Human Resource Management (HRM) field through research and academic studies.

The programme targets individuals without a first degree in HRM but who wish to pursue a Masters’ Programme in HRM. It therefore serves as a bridging qualification for such individuals. Candidates who already have an HRM undergraduate degree are exempted from this diploma.

2. GENERAL AIMS

The general aims of the programme are to provide the student with:

2.1. An understanding of contemporary theoretical foundations and analytical issues in the employment relationship.

2.2. An understanding of the strategic role of human resource management through the vertical and horizontal integration of HR activities.

2.3. The ability to conduct research informed by clearly articulated HRM theories or general management theories that promote effective human resource management.

3. CAREER PROSPECTS

HRM graduates have career opportunities in a wide array of disciplines which include the following; 1060

-Human Resource Management (Private and Public Sector) Management

-Labour Movement

-Research and Consultancy

-Teaching and lecturing

-Non -Governmental Organisations etc.

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 Normal Entry

For normal entry a candidate should have satisfied the university’s general academic regulations and have a pass in English language and at least an “E” grade in Mathematics at “O” level and have a good first degree.

5. ASSESSMENT

Formal examinations will normally be held at the end of each semester.

5.1 Continuous assessment shall account for 40% of the overall assessment while the final examination will account for 60% of the overall assessment.

5.2. The aggregate pass mark shall be 50%.

5.3. Marking Scheme and Diploma Classification

Refer to section 21.2 of the General Academic Regulations for Post-Graduate Diplomas

6. CREDITS

Students shall earn 46 credits to be allowed to graduate. 1061

7. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Level 1 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
DHRM 601 Work Place Relations 4
DHRM602 Accounting for Business 4
DHRM603 Strategic People Management 4
DHRM604 Training and Development 4
DHRM 605 Introduction to Economics 4
DHRM606 Research Methods 4

Level 1 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
DHRM607 Organisational Dynamics 4
DHRM 608 Research Project 6
DHRM609 Sociology of Organisations 4
DHRM 610 Human Resource Management Consultancy 4
DHRM 611 Industrial Psychology 4

8. MODULE SYNOPSES

DHRM 601 Workplace Relations

The module considers an overview of the workplace relations in Zimbabwe and other countries. As a comparative study the module enables the student to appreciate the origins of workplace I.R and how it shapes the current workplace relations. The module will also analyse all the parties in the employment relations, strikes, collective bargaining and the legal framework governing the employment relations.

DHRM 602 Accounting for Business

The module is designed to give students an understanding of the basic principles of accounting and their application to sole traders, partnerships, companies and non profit making organisations and introduction to the analysis and interpretation of financial records and statements.

DHRM 603 Strategic People Management

This modules aims to cover the very basic concepts in human resource management. It enables students to understand what policies and strategies are and how they usually develop. These strategies and policies will include reward management, health and safety, training etc. and how all these are linked to the attainment of organisational objectives.

DHRM 604 Training and Development

This module is aimed at making students appreciate the importance of investing in people/workforce. The module will also focus on the strategic development of the workforce and the learning organisation. In addition the importance of training and approaches to training (training techniques) will be explored.

DHRM 605 Introduction to Economics

This module intends to enable students to understand and appreciate the importance of making decisions to create a product, decisions to create demand and supply and also decisions to create capacity.

DHRM 606 Research Methods

The module is intended to enable students to understand the techniques widely used in gathering, interpretation, analysis and presentation of data in social research

DHRM 607 Organisational Dynamics

The module examines the individual and groups in organisations. It also covers motivation, learning theories, personality, stress, organisational effectiveness, decision making and organisational classification.

DHRM 608 Research Project

The project involves research in the area of the students’ interest. The student is expected to do practical fieldwork over a period of 3 months. The project is expected to be between 25-35 pages.

DHRM 609 Sociology of Organisations

The module examines, industrial conflict, discipline and power in organisations, corporate cultures, organisational structures and how they impact on employee performance

DHRM 610 Human Resource Management Consultancy

The module explores trends and principles of ethical and profitable Consultancy in Human Management. The module will cover consultancy under the 3 main themes in HRM which are labour, training and general Human Resource Management. Approaches to consultancy and practical ways of consultancy will be highlighted.

DHRM 611 Industrial Psychology

The module enables students to understand how workers behave and try to cope with stressful situations. It also enables students to understand and appreciate the psychological variables affecting workers.

REGULATIONS FOR MASTER OF SCIENCE (MSc) IN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT DEGREE (MHRM)

1. PREAMBLE

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the Faculty Regulations and the General Academic Regulations for Postgraduate degrees

1.2 The degree shall be awarded to candidates who have successfully completed the programme and passed the examinations in accordance with regulations set in the Faculty Regulations.

2. OBJECTIVES

2.1 Given that employees are a key resource in the search for improved organizational performance, the programme provides an understanding of contemporary theoretical foundations and analytical issues in the management of the human resource.

2.2 The programme prepares students to develop a critical appreciation of how to manage, evaluate and advise on human resource and employment issues.

2.3 The programme is designed in an integrated way and encourages critical awareness which is a pre-requisite for creative thinking

3. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

3.1 To qualify for entry into the Master of Social Sciences degree programme a student should have an honours degree in Human Resource Management, Human Resource development or Employment Relations, any social science or any other qualification which the Department may deem to be sufficient preparation for the programme with a pass of an upper second class (2.1) or better.

4. DURATION

4.1 The programme shall be completed over a minimum of 3 semesters on a block- release basis.

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 Formal examinations will be held at the end of each semester.

5.2 For a student to be admitted to the examinations they must; have paid in full the prescribed fees; Satisfactorily attempted approved modules of study including submission of required written assignments; Attended compulsory classes; Participated in prescribed seminars, tutorials and practical classes

5.3 Normally all formal examinations will be written papers, but in some cases the examiner may test the candidate orally.

6. ASSESSMENT

6.1 Continuous assessment shall account for 40% of the overall assessment, while the final examination will account for 60% of the overall assessment.

6.2 The aggregate pass mark shall be 50%

7. FAILURE TO SATISFY EXAMINERS

A student who fails to satisfy examiners and obtains less than 50% but not less than 40% may on the recommendation of the Board of Examiners and subject to the approval of the University Senate, be permitted to sit for a supplementary examination(s) in the respective module(s) failed in a particular semester. 1066

8. DEGREE STRUCTURE

Level 1 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
MHRM 701 Human Resource Management 4
MHRM 702 Employment Relations 4
MHRM 703 Employee Resourcing 4
MHRM 704 Marketing Management 4

Elective Modules (choose one)

Code Description Credits
MHRM 705 Ethics and Corporate Governance 4
MHRM 706 Sociology of Work and Employment 4
MHRM 707 Managerial Economics 4

Level 1 Semester 2

Code Description Credits
MHRM 708 Reward Management 4
MHRM 709 Organisational Analysis and HR Strategy 4
MHRM 710 Research Methodology and Statistics 4
MHRM 711 Business Finance 4

Elective Modules (choose one)

Code Description Credits
MHRM 712 Leadership 4
MHRM 713 HR Consultancy 4
MHRM 714 Management of Change 4
MHRM 715 HRM Information Systems 4

Level 2 Semester 1

Code Description Credits
MHRM 801 Strategic Human Resource Development 4
MHRM 802 Dissertation 8

9. PROGRESSION

9.1 A student must pass at least eight modules in the first level for one to progress to the second level.

9.2 A student who fails three modules at the end of the first levelwill have to repeat failed modules.

9.3 A student must pass MHRM 710 in order to do MHRM 802 which is the dissertation.

10. DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

10.1 For the purposes of degree classification the parts of the degree programme will be classified as follows:

Level one 50%

Level two 50%

11. NOTIFICATION OF RESULTS

Results shall be published in accordance with the provisions of the General Academic Regulations.

12. MODULE SYNOPSES

MHRM 701 Human Resource Management

The module considers the overall significance of HRM in moulding profitable organizations. It will cover the basic concepts underpinning HRM such as commitment, teamwork, and the evolution of HRM, the HRM Practices, the philosophy of HRM and the local and international context in HRM. It will also explore some topical contemporary issues in HR such as performance management, knowledge management and high performance work systems.

MHRM 702 Employment Relations

The module considers an overview of employment relations in Zimbabwe. It looks at the definition of employee relations, the challenges facing employee relations in Zimbabwe, employee relations in a transitional environment, the Labour Act, Institutions for managing employee relations in Zimbabwe, the role of employee relations in Organisational effectiveness, the integrations of Human Resource Management with other HR functions, regional employee relations (SADC) and International employee relations.

MHRM 703 Employee Resourcing

This module focuses on the task of engaging employees to the organization and will cover recruitment and selection, analyzing the labour market for recruitment and selection, ethics in recruitment and selection, international issues in recruitment and selection, strategic significance of recruitment and selection, recruitment and selection in the Zimbabwean context.

HHRM 704 Marketing Management

The module exposes the students to the main concepts and theories of marketing management. Topics will include the marketing concept, the marketing environment, market segmentation, marketing planning, consumer and industrial strategies, products life cycle, advertising, sales promotion, personal sales management and the role of an HR Practitioner in marketing management.

MHRM 705 Ethics and Corporate Governance

The module explores the concept of ethics in management. It will analyse the question of ethics in all HR activities, the link between ethics in HR and employee relations, the link between ethics in corporate governance and organizational performance.

MHRM 706 Sociology of Work and Employment

The module examines, industrial conflict, discipline and power in organizations, new forms of surveillance, corporate cultures, organizational structures and how they impact on employee performance and relations in organizations. 1069

MHRM 707 Managerial Economics

The module explores the theory of Economics, Micro economics, Labour Economics, the link between Economics and HR Strategy, International economics, International political economy and its impact on international Human Resource Management. It also analyses the role of Government economic policy in Human Resource Management.

MHRM 708 Reward Management

The module analyses the concept of Reward, the Total Reward model, the link between Performance and reward, the Reward Strategy, Reward management in a hyper-inflationary environment,International issues in reward management.

MHRM 709 Organisational Analysis and HR Strategy

The module analyses issue to do with Strategic Human Resource Management. It will analyse the concept of HR Strategic, its significance and influence in Overall Organisational strategy, It also analyses the contribution of HR to overall organizational performance and some generic HR Strategies.

MHRM 710 Research Methodology and Statistics

The module serves as a thorough grounding for practical research in Social Sciences. It will encompass computers in the analysis of research findings. Students will gain a deeper appreciation of qualitative ethnographic research methods and quantitative statistical analysis. Students will be exposed to various types of research such as evaluation research, action research, case studies, ethnography etc. Students will also gain an insight on how to publish research findings.

MHRM 711 Business Finance

The module seeks to provide a good grounding on the key principles and approaches in financial management necessary for financial decision making. It will also look at the role and significance of the HR function in financial management in an organization and vice-versa.

MHRM 712 Leadership

The module analyses the concept of leadership, the role of and significance of leadership in an organization, the various leadership styles, international and contemporary issues in Leadership.

MHRM 713 Human Resource Consultancy

The module explores trends and principles of ethical and profitable Consultancy in Human Resource Management.

MHRM 714 Managing Change

The module provides a thorough grounding in current theory and approaches to managing transition. It will cover topics such as the role of leadership in change and analyse recent cases of transition.

MHRM 715 Human Resource Management Information Systems

This module explores the impact of information technology in modern Human Resource Management. It further looks at the shift to paperless HR Information Systems and analyses in depth current commercial HR Information System and Packages.

MHRM 801 Strategic Human Resource Development

The module starts by reviewing elementary Human Resource Development concepts such as learning theories, Career Management, Succession Management. It then focuses on the strategic role of HRD in the form of HRD Strategy, organisational development, managing learning and contemporary and international issues in Human Resource Development.

MHRM 802 Dissertation

Students carry out research on a topic of their choice concerning pertinent issues in Human Resource Management under the guidance of a Supervisor.

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