Archaeology , Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies

Chairperson : Ms Petronella Katekwe (MA, BA, PGDTE)
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Categories

Arts

Department of Archaeology , Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies

About the Department

The vision of the department is to contribute towards the education and training of professionals, university education, and national capacity building of countries in the Southern Africa Development Community in fields of modular packages to meet specific demands

of students and organizations of cultural and natural heritage

The department is conceived as a catalyst for developing partnership between academic centres and professional organizations at all levels from international to local, with an emphasis on strengthening regional centres for capacity building. It seeks to develop and maintain a global network of professional and collaborating organizations and centres. The department hopes to achieve this vision through the study of and researching African and global heritage and culture. African and world prehistories, historical archaeologies, museums as cultural institutions and their diverse facets, traditional and contemporary African cultures. Bachelor of Arts Honours in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies programme offers four (4) interrelated disciplines that is, Archaeology, Cultural Heritage Management, Museum Studies and Records Management which enable students to have wide career opportunities.

The department offers three postgraduate programmes namely Masters of Arts in Archaeology, Master of Arts in Cultural Heritage Studies and Master of Arts in Museum Studies. The Master of Artsin Archaeology Degree is two year block release programme aimed at widening the students’ knowledgebase in the field of Archaeology and equipping them with their quisite skills. The general objectives are to promote high conceptual and inquisitive skills in archaeological issues, develop competencies within specialist archaeological areas and generate interest for research in archaeology.

The Master of Arts in Cultural Heritage Studies is a two year block release programme structured to meet or provide a broad theoretical, practical and professional training in all aspects of cultural heritage management as a profession. The programme is designed for students interested in pursuing careers in management of cultural heritage considering contemporary challenges and museum-related management of cultural heritage property as a profession. The programme also aims to developing and imparting innovative attitudes, knowledge and skills into the students, which are considered invaluable in the development and administration of these institutions of cultural heritage management. It also seeks to prepare students for curatorial, technical and managerial positions in museums and related institutions.

The Master of Arts in Museum Studies Degree is a two block-release programme aimed at widening the students’ knowledge base in the field of Museum Studies and equipping them with the requisite skills. The general objectives are to promote high conceptual and inquisitive skills in Museum Management issues, develop competencies within specialist Museum Studies areas and generate interest for research in Museum Studies.

Regulations

REGULATIONS FOR THE BACHELOR OF ARTS IN ARCHAEOLOGY, CULTURAL HERITAGE AND MUSEUM STUDIES HONOURS DEGREE (HACHMS)

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the University’s General Academic Regulations for Undergraduate and Postgraduate degree programmes, hereinafter referred to as the General Regulations.

2. PREAMBLE

2.1 The vision of the department is to contribute towards the education and training of professionals, university education, national capacity building of countries in the Southern Africa Development Community in fields modular packages to meet specific demands of students and organizations.of cultural and natural heritage

2.2 The department is conceived as a catalyst for developing partnership between academic centres and professional organizations at all levels from international to local, with an emphasis on strengthening regional centres for capacity building.

3. AIMS

3.1 The department seeks to develop and maintain a global network of professional and collaborating organizations and centres.

3.2 It is also committed to the production of educational and training modules and to make such educational materials available in different formats, including multimedia, to the public, professionals and other tertiary institutions.

3.3 The department hopes to achieve this vision through the study of and research in African and global heritage and culture, African and world prehistories, historical archaeologies, museums and cultural institutions and

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 Normal Entry

4.1.2 A candidate must have obtained at least five `O’ Level passes including English Language, and History. A pass in Mathematics at `O’ Level’ will be an added advantage.

4.1.3 A candidate must also have obtained a pass in History at `A’ level and at least ONE of the following subjects or their equivalent: Shona, Ndebele, Geography, or Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science

4.2 Special Entry

Refer to Section 3.2 of the General Regulations

4.3 Mature Entry

Refer to Section 3.3 of the General Regulations.

5. CAREER PROSPECTS

The degree programme prepares students for career options in museums, cultural heritage, global heritage and non-governmental organizations, cultural development planning, and government departments.

6. GENERAL PROVISIONS

6.1 The degree programme shall consist of 136 credits with at least 60 percent of these coming from the department under which the degree will be conferred.

6.2 The degree programme offers core and elective modules at each level.

6.2.1 At each level, with the exception of level 3, a student shall register for 6 core modules and 4 elective modules from other departments within the faculty and outside the faculty.

6.2.2 Normally, where a prerequisite module is involved, a candidate shall be required to pass it before taking higher modules.

6.2.3 Each module offered in the department shall carry a total of 4 credits. A dissertation shall be worth two modules and carry a total of 8 credits. Work Related Learning shall be examined in three modules with a total of 40 credits.

6.2.4 During Work Related Learning, the student shall continue to observe the regulations of Midlands State University and also abide by the rules of the place where one is placed.

6.2.5 Students may be required to attend oral examinations for certain modules offered in the degree programme.

6.2.6 Dissertations shall be assessed by examiners appointed the Departmental Board of Examiners. The dissertation shall be between 9000 to 10000 words.

7. ASSESSMENT

7.1 For each module, expect for Work Related Learning, the final mark shall be determined by a combination of continuous assessment and examination marks.

7.2 Continuous assessment shall normally constitute 25% of the final examination mark, while the formal examination constitutes 75%.

7.3 Archaeology field work and laboratory practice, museum practice and cultural heritage management projects shall constitute 50% of continuous assessment.

7.4 A student who fails the final assessment for Work Related Learning but has passes the continuous assessment component may be allowed to resubmit his or her work within two months and be re-assessed. The maximum mark allowable for such referred work is 50%. A student who fails to meet the required date for submission of the final report will normally be considered to have failed the final level.

7.5 In the case of dissertation, the final mark shall be weighted as 50% for continuous assessment (presentation of the project) and 50% for the final project.

7.6 To be admitted to university examinations, a candidate must have completed approved modules of study, including all continuous assessment. Attendance of lecturers, tutorials, laboratory practical sessions, approved field work components of certain modules count towards admission of a candidate to the university examinations.

8. WORK RELATED LEARNING GENERAL GUIDELINES

Refer to Section 10 of the General Academic Regulations.

9. FAILURE TO SATISFY EXAMINERS

Refer to Section 9 of the General Academic Regulations.

10. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 5 of the General Academic Regulations.

11. PROVISION FOR PROGRESSION

Refer to Section 6 of the Faculty of Arts Regulations.

12. DEGREE WEIGHTING

Refer to Section 11 of the Faculty of Arts Regulations.

13. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

NB. In each semester, candidates must register for three core modules from their respective degree programme and elect any two modules from within the department or any approved equivalent from other departments in the faculty or outside the faculty.

Code Module Description Credits
Level 1 Semester 1
CHS 101 Introduction to Cultural Heritage Studies 4
ARC 112 African Prehistory 4
MUS 101 Introduction to Theoretical and Practical Museology 4
MUS 104 Collection Management 4
CS 101 Basic Communication Skills 4
HSC 115 Introduction to Information Technology 4
Level 1 Semester 2
MUS110 Introduction to Archiving 4
ARC 101 Introduction to Theoretical and Practical Archaeology 4
MUS 112 Management of Archives 4
CHS 104 Documentation of Cultural Property 4
ARC 113 Prehistory of Southern Africa 4
CS 102 Extended Communication 4
Level 2 Semester 1
CHS112 Conservation of Cultural Property 4
ARC 204 Prehistory of Zimbabwe 4
MUS 202 Conservation of Museum Collections 4
GS 201 Introduction to Gender Studies 4
SVG 109 Basic Principles and Applications of Surveying 4
Level 2 Semester 2
MUS203 Archival Administration 4
MUS204 Preservation and Conservation of Archives 4
MUS206 Museum Communication 4
ARC111 Research Methods in Archaeology 4
Level 3 WORK RELATED LEARNING
ARC 301 Work Related Learning Report 15
ARC 302 Academic Supervisor’s Report 15
ARC 303 Employer’s Assessment Report 10
Level 4 Semester 1
ARC 404 Archaeological Laboratory Methods 4
CHS 411 Heritage Management and Sustainable Development 4
MUS 401 Management of Information Centres 4
MUS 402 Museum Visitor Studies 4
MUS 414 Curatorship 4
Level 4 Semester 2
ARC 403 Archaeology and Geographic Information Systems 4
CHS 401 Heritage Interpretation and Presentation 4
MUS 413 Visual and Fine Arts 4
ARC 420 Dissertation 8

13. MODULE SYNOPSES

CHS 101 Introduction to culture Heritage studies

The module examines the broad aspects of culture and development, management of cultural and natural resources, heritage policies and legislation.

ARC 112 African Prehistory

The development of human societies, from the foragers of the Early to Middle Pleistocene, through gathers and hunters of the Middle, Late and Terminal Pleistocene, and the Holocene, are examined.

Human technological achievements during the past 2-3 million years are presented and the student of African prehistory is given the opportunity to deconstruct the notion which has always presented pre-moderrn humans as undeveloped, background and uncivilized. The module concludes by surveying the development of metallurgy and agriculture in Africa, leading to the emergence of complex societies in some regions.

MUS 101 Introduction to Theoretical and Practical Museology

The module exposes students to the various theories on the role and functions of museums.

MUS 104 Collection Management

The module exposes students to case studies of countries with a long tradition of artifact management.

CS101 Basic Communication Skills

Refer to Faculty of Arts Regulations

HSC 115 Introduction to Information Technology

Refer to the Faculty of Science and Technology

MUS 110 Introduction to Archiving

The module provides students with a solid foundation in archival studies and understanding of why societies cultures, organizations and individuals create and keep records.

ARC 101 Introduction to Theoretical Archaeology

Students are introduced to the basics of archaeological date: artifact, feature, structure, site, groups of sites and the cultural landscape. The conceptualization of these structures of archaeological data is taken as the basis for detailed archaeological theory taught to subsequent modules. To appreciate the value of archaeology in Zimbabwe, local, regional and African examples are used as case studies.

MUS 112 Management of Archives

The module examines principles and practices archivists use to facilitate all aspects of archival work.

CHS 104 Documentation of Cultural Property

The module examines case studies of heritage legislation in South Africa and Zimbabwe.

ARC 113 Prehistory of Southern Africa

This module compares and contrasts the archaeological traditions in Southern Africa, with a particular focus on Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana and South Africa. It assess the level of archaeological development in each of these countries in terms of research done, the archaeological infrastructure, public education with regards to the past, and the use of the past in shaping the present and future. A brief survey of cultural heritage management practices in each of the countries will give the students an idea of current and future trends in fields allied to archaeology and need to strike relevance with the past.

CS102 Extended Communication Skills

Refer to Faculty of Arts Regulations

CHS 112 Conservation of Cultural Property

The module examines issues involved including the legal frameworks in which conservation and restoration are conducted

ARC 204 Prehistory of Zimbabwe

This module examines the wide range of archaeological evidence found in Zimbabwe with a bias towards Stone Age sequences. These are presented essentially as archaeological remains, but also as pre-colonial towns representing historical and complex developments within the Zimbabwe Culture. The module also examines how the present has been inspired by this rich archaeological past.

MUS 202 Conservation of Museum Collections

The module focuses on principles that enhance appreciation of the value of national collections be they movable or immovable and their conservation

GS201 Gender Studies

Refer to the Department of Gender Studies

SVG109 Basic Principles and Applications of Surveying

Refer to the Department of Surveying and Geomatics

MUS 203 Archival Administration

The module highlights the administration and management styles employed in both private and public archival institutions with a diachronic perspective.

MUS 204 Preservation and Conservation of Archives

Students are introduced to the context of preservation and conservation in the documentation centers. The module exposes students to the challenges encountered in preservation planning. It also examines the role ad importance of aspects such as storage, disaster planning, reformatting in the preservation of various media of documentary heritage.

MUS 206 Museum Communications

The module explores how museums speak to the people, communicating their functions and their role in society.

ARC 404 Archaeological Laboratory Methods

Building up on archaeological fields surveys and excavations, the module explores museum as repositories of raw archaeological data and site databases for use by archaeologists for purposes of research. Drawing on examples of research done on the basis of museum collection, the module attempts a critique of the methodologies involved, the implication on sampling, and the research questions that normally arise from such approaches.

CHS 411 Heritage Management and Sustainable Development

The module promotes the study of cultural approaches to sustainable development, capacity building and respect of bio diversity conversation.

MUS 401 Marketing Museums and Archives

The module prepares students to understand the importance of using information obtained from the two types of institutions and how this may be presented for public benefit.

MUS 402 Visitor Studies

The module explores the concept of user and tourist and their differences. It focuses on the exploration of the history and current status of research and evaluation studies in archives and other cultural and educational settings.

MUS 414 Curatorship

The module examines all curatorial processes, including designing a collections policy, ethics of collecting and the roles of ICOM, ICOMOS etc in managing collections or heritages. These collections range from artifacts from archaeological field research, crafts and or objects of art.

Issues of preservation, conservation and exhibition designing will also be explored.

ARC 403 Archaeological Geographic Information Systems

The module examines the use of computers in archaeology, from data structuring to data processing and presentation using complex hardware and software including Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and muti media

CHS 401 Heritage Interpretation and Presentation

The module examines regional and global trends in the area of heritage presentation and interpretation from museum exhibitions and displays to the use of heritage in matters relating to the reinterpretation of the past often misrepresented during colonial times.

MUS 413 Visual and Fine Arts

The module examines the nature and the production processes of visual and fine arts and the role of museums and galleries of collecting these as collections. It also explores the influence of culture and how it may be presented, curated and marketed for public consumptions. A line will be drawn regarding the relationship between fine and visual arts and their importance as forms of heritage.

ARC 420 Dissertation

The dissertation will be 15 000 to 20 000 words based on wide research in the field of Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies

REGULATIONS FOR THE MASTER OF ARTS IN ARCHAEOLOGY DEGREE (MARC)

1. PREAMBLE

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the Faculty of Arts Regulations and the General Academic Regulations for Postgraduate Degrees, hereinafter referred to as the General Regulations.

1.2 The Master of Arts in Archaeology Degree is a four semester block release programme aimed at widening the students’ knowledge base in the field of Archaeology and equipping them with the requisite skills.

2. OBJECTIVES

The general objectives are to:

2.1 promote high conceptual and inquisitive skills in archaeological issues.

2.2 develop competencies within specialist archaeological areas.

2.3 generate interest for research in archaeology.

3. CAREER PROSPECTS

3.1 Master of Arts in Archaeology degree programme is designed to enhance the competencies of graduates in the fields of human culture research, museum curation, cultural organisation management, environmental management, heritage consultancy, parks and wildlife management and university lectureship.

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1. To be eligible for the programme, an applicant must have a good first degree in any of the following:

(1) Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies

(2) History and Culture

(3) Anthropology, Ethnography, African Languages and Culture

(4) Visual or Fine Arts, Art History, Art Curatorship or approved equivalent from any recognised university

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 The degree programme shall be four semesters with residential contact time each semester.

5.2 The programme consists of core modules, electives and a dissertation.

5.3 Students will study a total of twelve 4 credit modules plus a dissertation worth 12 credits.

To pass, a student is required to accumulate a minimum of 60 credits.

6. ASSESSMENT

6.1 Continuous Assessment

Continuous assessment shall comprise of at least two assignments and shall constitute 40% of the final mark.

6.2 Examinations.

Candidates will be required to sit for a four hour examination in each module. The examination mark shall constitute 60% of the final mark.

6.3 In order to pass, a candidate should obtain at least 50% of continuous assessment and examination combined.

6.4 Dissertation

Refer to Section 8.0 of the General Academic Regulations.

7. FAILURE TO SATISFY EXAMINERS

Refer to section 9 of the General Academic Regulations.

8. PROVISION FOR PROGRESSION

To proceed from one level to another, a candidate should pass at least 75% of the modules in that level.

9. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to section 21.2 of the General Academic Regulations.

10. PUBLICATION OF RESULTS

Results shall be published in accordance with the provisions of the General Academic Regulations

11. DEGREE PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Module Code Description Credits
Level 1 Semester 1
MARC 701 African Archaeology 4
MARC 702 Interpreting Ceramics 4
MARC 703 Research Methods and Publications 4
MARC 704 Human Origins 4
Level 1 Semester 2
MARC 706 Spatial Analysis in Archaeology 4
MARC 707 Archaeology of Late Pleistocene and Holocene Hunter-Gatherers 4
MARC 709 Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology 1 4
ELECTIVE MODULE, CODES AND TITLES
MARC 705 Anthropological Theory and the Philosophy of Rock Art 4
MARC 713 Theoretical Approaches in World Archaeology 4
Level 2 Semester 1
MARC 711 Rock Art of Africa 4
MARC 712 Archaeology and Ethnicity 4
MARC 714 Archaeometallurgy: Mining and Extractive Technology 4
ELECTIVE MODULE, CODES AND TITLES
MARC 708 Rock Art Management 4
MARC 710 Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology II 4
Level 2 Semester 2
MARC 820 Dissertation 12

Other electives may be selected from the module offerings of the Master of Arts in Cultural Heritage Studies or Master of Arts in Museum Studies.

12. MODULE SYNOPSES

MARC 701 African Archaeology

This module seeks to promote a theoretical understanding amongst students which will facilitate new and more appropriate approaches to the archaeology of the African continent. This will ensure that students are equipped with a broad-based theoretical outlook, enabling them to re-evaluate past approaches in African Archaeology, and improving their awareness of the related major themes. Aspects to be analysed include; the archaeology of hominid evolution in Africa; societies and urbanism; the timing and growth of agriculture and socio-economic interaction during the Holocene.

MARC 702 Interpreting Ceramics

This module will examine the development of pottery studies in archaeology, emphasising on the various aspects involved in pottery studies, that is, pottery production, trade and consumption, and group identities. Students will analyse the technology of pottery making, from clay selection up to firing. The module will also examine the practice and purpose of diverse approaches involved in the processing, classification and interpretation of pottery.

MARC 703 Research Methods and Publications

The main aim of the module is to help students acquire the technical and practical skills for research purposes. Students would examine how research methodology is applied to address issues that flow from theory and to appreciate that there are common themes among the various methodological approaches that are utilized in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies. Among issues that will be

addressed through readings, presentations and discussions are: the nature and scope of archaeological, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies research, the nature of research questions and the design of research programs to address those questions.

MARC 704 Human Origins

The module seeks to examine the origins of modern humans in Africa as well as the cognitive implications of the new genus of Homo on cultural characteristics. The first dispersal of Homo outside of Eastern Africa will be modelled, that is, the colonization of the rest of the continent and the so-called out of Africa hypothesis. The module also seeks to establish the behavioural characteristics of humans in Africa giving a full description of the sedimentary and litho-stratigraphic record of the Rift Valley and Southern Africa where evidence of modernity has been documented.

MARC 705 Anthropological Theories and the Philosophy of Rock Art

This module seeks to examine theory and method in rock art studies. The module has a global focus, drawing on examples of the history and development of interpretative frameworks for rock art from around the world. It also seeks to examine both informed and formal approaches to rock art interpretation and consider anthropological as well as art historical theories. Issues relating to dating and chronology challenge the application of some of these approaches.

MARC 706 Spatial Analysis in Archaeology

This module provides a working knowledge of the statistical theory and methods used to comprehend spatial patterns, for example, the distribution of settlements across a landscape or densities of artefacts across a site or region. Students learn the fundamental differences between spatial and non-spatial analysis, the design of appropriate sampling strategies for fieldwork, Geo-statistical methods, predictive modelling through logistic regression and more spatially-sensitive versions (e.g. geographically-weighted regression) as well as the multi-scalar analysis of point patterns (e.g. K functions and related methods). More specifically, it addresses issues, techniques and research agendas such as the psychology of spatial representation, space syntax, landscape phenomenology, catchment analysis, Geographic Information Systems, cognitive maps and fractal mathematics.

MARC 707 Archaeology of Late Pleistocene and Holocene Hunter- Gatherers

This module examines key issues in human origins and development from the emergence of modern humans (ca.150,000 BP) until their transition to food production (ca. 12-6,000 BP). It involves a comparative study of the archaeological records from Africa, Western Asia and Europe. It critically examines some of the key issues in human ecology and behavioural evolution from the emergence of “cognitively-modern” humans in the early Upper Pleistocene until the beginnings of food production in the Terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene. The module reviews contemporary debates on issues such as the emergence of biological and behavioural modernity in Africa, the adaptations of hunter-gatherers to the harsh environmental conditions of the last glacial in Europe, the analysis and interpretation of Upper Palaeolithic cave-art, the emergence of food-storing, semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer communities in Africa and the Near East.

MARC 708 Rock Art Management

This module explores the intellectual as well as the practical challenges faced by those who manage rock art. The module, centres on the development and implementation of a management plan for a single rock art site or a group of sites in a given landscape. A section of the module focuses on the more technical aspects to rock art management such as the methods of recording and documenting rock art, the conservation measures that are available to arrest natural destructive processes and the measures that have proven effective in the control of human agents.

MARC 709 Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology I

This module introduces the principles of archaeological GIS, the techniques used to acquire, manage and visualise spatial data, as well as the most frequently used analytical tools. Students should acquire the necessary skills required for a complete GIS workflow from data acquisition up to data analysis thus ensuring cartographic output (map production). Students should be theoretically informed about market-leading GIS software and, and should be able to analyse and interpret spatial information, from the use of advanced spatial statistics, to more agent-centred computational models, to understandings of how humans make use of the spaces around them.

MARC 710 Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology II

This module builds on the prerequisite module Geographic Information Systems in Archaeology so as to provide students with a theoretical grounding and practical experience for GIS in archaeology. There is a strong emphasis on the manipulation of raster data and we consider interpolation techniques, landscape geomorphometry, view-shed analysis, cost surface analysis, hydrology, as well as 2.5D, 3D and temporal modelling. The module will make use of a wide range of both commercial and Open Source software, including ArcGIS, Autodesk Map 3D, GRASS, Idrisi, Landserf and TauDEM. Great emphasis will be placed on comparative analysis of different algorithms and software implementations thus particularly benefiting those who wish to use GIS primarily in an analytical capacity.

MARC 711 Rock Art of Africa

This module considers rock art interpretation as it is applied within Africa. It provides an overview of the principal rock art traditions of the continent examining the San art of southern Africa, the `schematic rock art zone’ of central Africa, the eastern African art in Tanzania, the celebrated art of Tassili and the surrounding area of the Sahara desert. The module uses the rock art of Africa to raise issues of debate that revolve around the recognition of style, sequence, composition, symbols and symbolism, the judging of relationships between figures, the application and relevance of ethnography, the role of gender, the rock surface as a context, shamanism, vision experience, neuropsychology, polysemy, multivocality and art and agency.

MARC 712 Archaeology and Ethnicity

The module seeks to create awareness on the aspect of ethnic identities of the makers of the archaeological records from the past such as stone tools, crude earthenware vessels and stone walled structures. On successful completion of this module a student should have a detailed knowledge of anthropological and archaeological approaches to ethnicity and identity, developing the capacity to critically evaluate

archaeological interpretations that link material culture to ethnic groups. Students should also be familiar with the major social theories relating to ethnicity and group identity using a range of archaeological and anthropological case-studies which explore the expression of ethnic identities in Zimbabwe and other African Countries.

MARC 713 Theoretical Approaches in World Archaeology

The module aims to review the recent history of archaeological ideas and to examine key general themes in current archaeology from a theoretical and comparative perspective. This module will provide a firm methodological foundation for archaeological interpretation, as well as a global perspective on the discipline. Set readings and case-studies will be used to evaluate the analytical processes developed by different schools of archaeological thought, and the range of approaches currently available in studying material culture, social complexity and differentiation, concepts of agency, and long-term cultural change. Students will have an understanding of current theoretical debates across a broad range of archaeology thereby enhancing their ability to formulate their own theories.

MARC 714 Archaeometallurgy: Mining and Extractive Technology

The module gives students a fundamental understanding of the basic chemical and metallurgical processes relevant to the primary production of metal, including ore reduction, slag formation, alloying and refining. On successful completion of this module students should have acquired an in-depth understanding of the fundamental physical principles of metallurgy at a level sufficient to undertake guided research in ancient metallurgy, e.g. for their MA thesis. While copper/bronze and iron/steel take centre stage as the most important metals, less common metals and alloys such as gold and zinc will also be addressed with examples drawn from Zimbabwe and other African countries.

MARC 820 Dissertation

All students are expected to write a dissertation of about 150 pages which is the result of an individual research project undertaken during the course. This can be on any approved topic relevant to the degree and to the taught components selected. Students are assigned a Supervisor to guide the main stages of the work.modular packages to meet specific demands of students and organizations.

REGULATIONS FOR THE MASTER OF ARTS IN CULTURAL HERITAGE STUDIES DEGREE (MCHS)

1. PREAMBLE

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the Faculty of Arts Regulations and the General Academic Regulations for Postgraduate Degrees, hereinafter referred to as the General Regulations.

1.2 The Master of Arts in Cultural Heritage Studies degree is a four semester block release programme aimed at widening the students’ knowledge base in the field of Cultural Heritage Management and equipping them with the requisite skills.

2. OBJECTIVES

The general objectives are to:

2.1 promote high conceptual and inquisitive skills in Cultural Heritage issues.

2.2 develop competencies within specialist Cultural Heritage areas.

2.3 generate interest for research in Cultural Heritage.

3. CAREER PROSPECTS

3.1 Students of Master of Arts in Cultural Heritage Studies degree programme have career opportunities in a wide range of institutions and organisations (private and public) dealing in human culture research, museum curation, cultural organisation management, environmental management, heritage consultancy, parks and wildlife management and university lectureship.

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 To be eligible for the programme, an applicant must have a good first degree in any of the following:

(1) Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies.

(2) History and Culture.

(3) Anthropology, Ethnography, African Languages and Culture.

(4) Visual or Fine Arts, Art History, Art Curatorship, Art History or approved equivalent from any recognised university.

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 The degree programme shall be four semesters with residential contact time each semester.

5.2 The programme consists of core modules, electives and a dissertation

5.3 Students will study a total of twelve 4 credit modules plus a dissertation worth 12 credits.

5.4 To pass, a student is required to accumulate a minimum of 60 credits.

6. ASSESSMENT

6.1 Continuous Assessment

Continuous assessment shall comprise of at least two assignments and shall constitute 40% of the final mark.

6.2 Examinations

Candidates will be required to sit for a four hour examination in each module. The examination mark shall constitute 60% of the final mark.

6.3 In order to pass, a candidate should obtain at least 50% of continuous assessment and examination combined.

6.4 Dissertation

Refer to Section 8 of the General Academic Regulations.

7. FAILURE TO SATIFY EXAMINERS

Refer to Section 9 of the General Academic Regulations.

8. PROVISION FOR PROGRESSION

To proceed from one level to another a candidate should pass at least 75% of the modules in that level.

9. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 21.2 of the General Academic Regulations.

10. PUBLICATION OF RESULTS

Results shall be published in accordance with the provisions of the General Academic Regulations.

11. DEGREE PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Not all electives will be offered in any given semester. Electives on offer will depend on availability of staff.

Module Code Description Credits
Level 1 Semester 1
MCHS 701 Managing Archaeological Sites 4
MCHS 702 Approaches to Conservation 4
MCHS 703 Research Methods and Publications 4
MCHS 704 Funding Strategies for Museum Projects 4
Level 1 Semester 2
MCHS 705 Marketing Cultural Heritage 4
MCHS 706 Legal and Administrative Frameworks in Cultural Heritage Management 4
MCHS 708 Contemporary Museological Challenges 4
ELECTIVE MODULES, CODES AND TITLES
MCHS 707 Museums and Multimedia 4
MAARC 712 Archaeology and Ethnicity 4
Level 2 Semester 1
MCHS 709 Rock Art of Africa 4
MCHS 711 Antiquities and the Law 4
MCHS 712 Cultural Heritage Management Planning Process 4
ELECTIVE MODULES, CODES AND TITLES
MCHS710 Rock Art Management 4
MMUS712 History of Art and Cultures of Zimbabwe 4
Level 2 Semester 2
MCHS820 Dissertation 12

Other electives may be selected from the module offerings of the Master of Arts in Archaeology or Master of Arts in Museum Studies.

12. MODULE SYNOPSES

MCHS 701 Managing Archaeological Sites

This module seeks to introduce students to the preservation and public presentation of Archaeological sites. It explores different approaches to valuing heritage, the aims and principles of conservation, the history of restoration theory, heritage legislation and charters and the influence of past interventions on present-day perceptions of the past.

MCHS702 Approaches to Conservation

The module seeks to give students the theoretical context in which modern day conservation and management of immovable cultural heritage in Sub-Saharan Africa is situated. This would ensure that students develop a better understanding of the major principles and concepts of conservation and their evolution. Students will also understand the relevancy of utilising these principles and concepts in the decision-making process for the management and conservation of immovable cultural heritage.

MCHS703 Research Methods and Publications

The main aim of the module is to help students acquire the technical and practical skills for research purposes. Students would examine how research methodology is applied to address issues that flow from theory and to appreciate that there are common themes among the various methodological approaches that are utilized in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies. Among issues that will be addressed through readings, presentations and discussions are: the nature and scope of archaeological, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies research, the nature of research questions and the design of research programs to address those questions. This module also provides students with the skills of proposal construction

MCHS704 Funding Strategies for Museum Project

This module provides students with basic skills and guidance regarding the drafting of museum/gallery research grant applications. It also covers application processes in order to encourage and develop the submission of high quality and well planned project proposals. Students should also understand the implication of funding strategies on the fulfilment of museum objectives.

MCHS705 Marketing Cultural Heritage

The main objective of this module is to ensure that students develop a better understanding of the various aspects of marketing heritage places. This module also seeks to introduce students to the process of packaging, promotion and utilisation of heritage places sustainably. At the end, students should have a better understanding of the various methods of marketing cultural heritage places and their possible implications in the management of such places.

MCHS706 Legal and Administrative Frameworks in Cultural Heritage Management

The main objective of this module is to introduce participants to the legal and administrative aspects of conservation and management of cultural heritage. The module will also contextualise the administration of cultural heritage within the legislative systems. Students should be able to understand the basic components of heritage legislation and the relationship between heritage legislations and other types of legal and administrative frameworks. This module also involves the evaluation of contemporary legal and administrative framework in use in Africa,

MCHS707 Museums and Multimedia

digitisation in museums and to exploit its potential. It also sees to provide an understanding of the changes that information and communication technology is bringing about to museums, the This This module seeks to provide students with the knowledge and skills needed to imaginatively use, work with and manage new media and opportunities it presents and how museums can take advantage of it. The module explains why digitisation is important for museums, and deals with the practicalities of multimedia, information and technology.

MCHS708 Contemporary Museological Challenges

The module discusses transformation and the consequent redefinition of the `Museological object’, New Museology movement and contemporary museum activities in the light of politics of globalisation. It also analyses how a change in mentality and the new relations of gallery institutions/discipline specialists and other professionals within the museum affect Museology both as an academic discipline and profession.

MCHS709 Rock Art of Africa

The module makes a consideration of rock art interpretation as it is applied in an African context. It provides students with an overview of the principal rock art traditions of the continent, examining the San art of Southern Africa, the `Schematic rock art zone’ of central Africa, the East African art from Tanzania, the celebrated art of Tassili and the surrounding area of the Sahara desert. This module will also use the rock art of Africa to raise issues of debate that revolve around recognition of style, sequence, composition, symbols and symbolism, the judging of relationships between figures, the application and relevancy of ethnography, the gender, the rock surface as a context, shamanism, vision experience, neuropsychology, polysemy, multivocality, art and agency.

MCHS710 Rock Art Management

This module explores the intellectual as well as the practical challenges faced by those who manage rock art. The module also centres on the development and implementation of a management plan for a single rock art site or group of sites. A section of the module focuses more closely on the technical aspects to rock art management such as methods of documentation of rock art, conservation measures that are available to arrest human and natural destructive processes and the solutions that have been realised in the context of other rock art sites.

MCHS711 Antiquities and the Law

This module examines legislation that has been enacted as both national and international levels in attempts to protect cultural heritage from pillage, with particular emphasis on UNESCO conventions. The module intends to provide students with an acute awareness to the looting from archaeological sites of cultural property which are then sold on antiquities markets, an understanding of the operation of the illegal art markets and providing a solid grounding for evaluating the relevant legal instruments that exist to protect the cultural heritage.

MCHS712 Cultural Heritage Management Planning Process

The module seeks to develop among student, the necessary skills for the development of simple, appropriate and realistic management plans for tangible and/ intangible cultural heritage. Students should be able to work on the development of management plans for selected sites. This module will also involve hands-on site management planning exercises involving the local communities.

MCHS 820 Dissertation

All students are expected to write a dissertation of about 150 pages which is the result of an individual research project undertaken during the course. This can be on any approved topic relevant to the degree and to the taught components selected. Students are assigned a Supervisor to guide the main stages of the work.

REGULATIONS FOR THE MASTER OF ARTS IN MUSEUM STUDIES DEGREE (MMUS)

1. PREAMBLE

1.1 These regulations shall be read in conjunction with the Faculty of Arts Regulations and the General Academic Regulations for Postgraduate Degrees, hereinafter referred to as the General Regulations.

1.2 The Master of Arts in Museum Studies Degree is a four semester block-release programme aimed at widening the students’ knowledge base in the field of Museum Studies and equipping them with the requisite skills.

2. OBJECTIVES

The general objectives are to:

2.1 promote high conceptual and inquisitive skills in Museum Management issues.

2.2 develop competencies within specialist Museum Studies areas.

2.3 generate interest for research in Museum Studies.

3. CAREER PROSPECTS

3.1 Students of Master of Arts in Museum Studies degree programme have career opportunities in a wide range of institutions and organisations (private and public) dealing with human culture research, museum curation, cultural organisation management, environmental management, heritage consultancy, parks and wildlife management and university lectureship.

4. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

4.1 To be eligible for the programme, an applicant must have a good first degree in any of the following:

(1) Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies.

(2) History and Culture.

(3) Anthropology, Ethnography, African Languages and Culture.

(4) Visual or Fine Arts, Art History, Art Curatorship, Art History or approved equivalent from any recognised university.

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.1 The degree programme shall be four semesters with residential contact time each semester.

5.2 The programme consists of core modules, electives and a dissertation.

5.3 Students will study a total of twelve 4 credit modules plus a dissertation worth 12 credits.

5.4 To pass, a student is required to accumulate a minimum of 60 credits.

6. ASSESSMENT

6.1 Continuous Assessment

Continuous assessment shall comprise of at least two assignments and shall constitute 40% of the final mark.

6.2 Examinations.

Candidates will be required to sit for a four hour examination in each module. The examination mark shall constitute 60% of the final mark.

6.3 In order to pass, a candidate should obtain at least 50% of continuous assessment and examination combined.

6.4 Dissertation

Refer to Section 8 of the General Academic Regulations.

7. FAILURE TO SATISFY EXAMINERS

Refer to section 9 of the General Academic Regulations.

8. PROVISION FOR PROGRESSION

To proceed from one level to another a candidate should pass at least 75% of the modules in that level.

9. GRADING AND DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

Refer to Section 21.2 of the General Academic Regulations.

10. PUBLICATION OF RESULTS

Results shall be published in accordance with the Provisions of the General Academic Regulations.

11. DEGREE PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

Module Code Description Credits
Level 1 Semester 1
MMUS 701 Museum History, Purpose and Function 4
MMUS 702 Museum Management 4
MMUS 703 Research Methods and Publication 4
MMUS 705 Museum Legislation and Law 4
Level 1 Semester 2
MMUS 706 Museum Collections Management 4
MMUS 709 Museum Exhibitions and Interpretation 4
MMUS 707 Museum Communication and Education 4
ELECTIVE MODULES
MMUS 708 Museums and Multimedia 4
MARC 712 Archaeology and Ethnicity 4
Level 2 Semester 1
MMUS 710 Museums and Global Issues 4
MMUS 711 History of Art and Cultures of Zimbabwe 4
MMUS 712 Museum Marketing and Quality Control 4
ELECTIVE MODULE, CODES AND TITLES
MMUS 704 Museum Project Management 4
MCHS 708 Contemporary Museological Challenges 4
MMUS 707 Museum Communication and Education 4
MMUS 708 Museums and Multimedia 4
MARC 712 Archaeology and Ethnicity 4
Level 2 Semester 1
MMUS 710 Museums and Global Issues 4
MMUS 711 History of Art and Cultures of Zimbabwe 4
MMUS 712 Museum Marketing and Quality Control 4
ELECTIVE MODULE, CODES AND TITLES
MMUS 704 Museum Project Management 4
MCHS 708 Contemporary Museological Challenge 4
Level 2 Semester 2
MMUS 820 Dissertation 12

Other electives may be selected from the module offerings of the Master of Arts in Cultural Heritage Studies or Master of Arts in Archaeology.

12. MODULE SYNOPSES

MMUS701 Museum History, Purpose and Function

The module examines how museums and museum theories have evolved, their role in contemporary societies and how they operate within the context of heritage management. It also explores the philosophy of museums in the service of the general public. The module will also help students evaluate how such development trends have shaped the appreciation of material culture as presented through museum exhibitions.

MMUS702 Museum Management

The module examines the basic and contemporary principles of museum management in general through evaluation of management theory and practice of museums/galleries in particular. This module also presents the museum as a business venture that is governed by contemporary business ethics and not only a traditionally docile organisation Students would be encouraged to make assessments of practical case studies in order to promote awareness of contemporary administrative challenges and inspire a sense of innovation in solving these problems. Topics to be covered include strategic planning, ethics and governance, membership and marketing.

MMUS703 Research Methods and Publications

The main aim of the module is to help students acquire the technical and practical skills for research purposes. Students would examine how research methodology is applied to address issues that flow from theory and to appreciate that there are common themes among the various methodological approaches that are utilized in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies. Among issues that will be addressed through readings, presentations and discussions are: the nature and scope of archaeological, Cultural Heritage and Museum Studies research, the nature of research questions and the design of research programs to address those questions.

MMUS704 Museum Project Management

The module heightens students’ awareness towards formulation and management of projects relevant to Museums/Galleries. Participants will learn about what changes when one goes from “doing” the work to “managing” the project. This would be achieved through group discussion on project management tools, planning, negotiating on behalf of the project, project monitoring and evaluation for effectiveness and efficiency. Project management styles are also explored giving insights on how to build on strengths for effective project teams.

MMUS705 Museum Legislation and Law

This module presents a thorough examination of the legal frameworks which guide the operations of museums with special emphasis on regional and international laws governing museums and museum operations. Highlight on reality versus practicality of these legislations and laws will also be made through practical analysis of contemporary museum/galleries taking special attention to developing countries. Topics to be covered would include debates on legislations and law, issues of illicit trafficking of cultural objects and how they vary in public and private museums.

MMUS706 Museum Collections Management

The module acquaints students to the theory of museum collection development, ethics in collecting, collections care, accountability and access. The module addresses the issue of designing and implementation of collections policies, establishing and managing collections; collection management procedures and systems, documentation of collections, records preservation, collections access and storage and responsibilities of a museum registrar.

MMUS707 Museum Communication and Education

The module examines museum practice as vehicles of effective and efficient dissemination of information between the museum and the audience through the artefact or art collection about matters that relate to past and contemporary societal concepts. It also evaluates the effectiveness of

such educative roles of both the museum and exhibitions in relation to both traditional and contemporary cultures.

MMUS708 Museums and Multimedia

The module seeks to provide students with the knowledge and the skills needed to imaginatively use, work with and manage new media and digitisation in museums and to exploit its potential. It also seeks to provide an understanding of the changes that information and communication technologies is bringing about into museum; the opportunities it presents; and how museums can take advantage of it. The module explains why digitisation is important to museums, and deals with the practicalities of

multimedia, information and technology as a tool that can enhance access to information about collections to the general public.

MMUS709 Museum Exhibitions and Interpretation

The module empowers students with skills of curatorial research, presentation, documentation and laboratory research methods for the benefit of the public. It also presents the aspect of museum publication as a follow up to curatorial or laboratory research. This module also focuses on the development of interpretive museum exhibitions including theory, planning, research, methodologies, design, construction, installation; and the application of new technologies re-brand themselves to cater for the diversity of needs whilst the same time, promoting a good corporate image.

MMUS 820 Dissertation

All students are expected to write a dissertation of about 150 pages which is the result of an individual research project undertaken during the course. This can be on any approved topic relevant to the degree and to the taught components selected. Students are assigned a Supervisor to guide the main stages of the work.

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